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New 2017 Paper

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Adaptation: Adjustments that aim to reduce the vulnerability of communities to the negative impacts of natural disasters.

Disaster: A serious disruption to community life which threatens or causes death or injury and/or damage to property which is beyond the day-today capacity of the statutory authorities and which requires special mobilisation and organisation of resources other than those normally available to those authorities.

Emergency management: Involves the plans, structures and arrangements which are established to bring together the normal endeavours of government, voluntary and private agencies in a comprehensive and coordinated way to deal with the whole spectrum of emergency needs including prevention, response and recovery.

Emergency service: An agency responsible for the protection and preservation of life and property from harm resulting from incidents and emergencies.

Hazard: A source of potential harm or a situation with a potential to cause harm to people or damage to property or the environment.

Mitigation: Measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at decreasing or eliminating its impact on society and environment.

Natural Disaster: A natural disaster is a serious disruption to a community or region caused by the impact of a naturally occurring rapid onset event that threatens or causes death, injury or damage to property or the environment and which requires significant and coordinated multi-agency and community response. Such serious disruption can be caused by bushfire, earthquake, flood, storm, cyclone, storm surge, landslide, tsunami, meteorite strike, or tornado.

Preparedness: Measures to ensure that, should an emergency occur, communities, resources and services are capable of coping with the effects; the state of being prepared.

Prevention: Measures to eliminate or reduce the incidence or severity of emergencies.

Recovery: The coordinated process of supporting emergency-affected communities in reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of emotional, social, economic and physical wellbeing.

Resilience: Resilience is the ability of a system, community or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accommodate and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of its essential basic structures and functions.

Response: Actions taken in anticipation of, during, and immediately after an emergency to ensure that its effects are minimised, and that people affected are given immediate relief and support.

Risk: The likelihood of harmful consequences arising from the interaction of hazards, communities and the environment.

Vulnerable infrastructure: Poorly constructed buildings and infrastructure, including roads and other transportation channels, industrial and commercial developments, and certain types of housing located in close proximity to sources of hazards.

Source: Adapted from National Strategy for Disaster Resilience.  

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